Running, Writing & Deep Play

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Alex Pang, PhD

OUTSIDE ONLINE has a new article, “Eight of Our Favorite Writers on Why They Run.” They’re not simply writers who also happen to enjoy a jog; all of them see a connection between running and writing. For example, here’s nonfiction writer Peter Hessler:

I think the mentality is somewhat similar, this sort of persistence-endurance.

I always go into a piece of writing with a plan, an idea of what I want to do, but there are things that come to me as I’m working that I didn’t expect, and I have to be loose and relaxed enough to let those things in. I notice that when I run, my mind is in that place, this sort of very free-flowing, unstructured, unfocused place. For me, it’s part of the whole mental space that’s necessary to write.

Here’s Joyce Carol Oates:

Ideally, the runner who’s a writer is running through the land- and cityscapes of her fiction, like a ghost in a real setting.

The structural problems I set for myself in writing, in a long, snarled, frustrating, and sometimes despairing morning of work, for instance, I can usually unsnarl by running in the afternoon.

They generally don’t try to think about problems when they’re running, but do find it’s useful for jogging (as it were) new ideas or giving their subconscious space to think. As Poet Laureate emeritus Kay Ryan says, “Consciously thinking about what I’ll write is something I rarely do, although I may do some revising of poems in my head when I’m running.” WIRED editor Nicholas Thompson says,

I do notice that a lot of the best thinking I get done, or ideas generation, or problem solving, happens when I’m running and trying to focus on stuff outside of my head … I think probably for most things I’ve written or edited, there’s been a key insight that came while I was running.

Running also teaches a kind of endurance that’s useful to writers. Here’s Kay Ryan again:

Both can be hard and unpleasant at times. But of the two, writing is much harder. When you go out for a run, you never fail, but you often fail when you set out to write a poem, even if you try your hardest.

This is not to say that all writers are runners, or vice versa. To be honest, I really dislike running. I find it boring and uncomfortable, and far prefer a long walk or hike or bike ride, or a couple circuits with the weight machines.

Photography Prints

But even if you dont run, the article is still worthwhile because it gives a sense of how for them, running is a kind of deep play, and how deep play is important for their literary lives.

I argue at length in my book REST: WHY YOU GET MORE DONE WHEN YOU WORK LESS that deep play helps people be more creative, and often seems to extend their creative careers. What separates deep play from something thats merely diverting or distracting? What makes an activity compelling and interesting, rather than an interruption of their work?

For one thing, deep play provides many of the same psychological rewards and satisfactions as their work, but without the frustrations. For Winston Churchill, painting was deep play because painting was like politics: it required a clear vision and decisive action, but you didnt have the Labour party standing over your shoulder, saying that the trees were the wrong color.

Deep play is psychologically restorative because it offers those rewards in new and refreshing contexts. For many scientists who are rock climbers or mountai climbers, climbing is rewarding because it offers some of the same challenges as science, and demands concentration and attention; but unlike science, its very physically challenging, and offers quick, decisive rewards—at the end of the day you reach the summit or you dont.

Deep play offers opportunities for flow, mastery, and control. Its deeply absorbing, and challenging enough to require time to conquer. Things that are too easy or too difficult, that dont have open-ended opportunities for improvement, tend to get abandoned.

Finally, deep play has some deeply personal or autobiographical dimension that connects them to family, or their homeland, or their younger selves. Biophysicist Britton Chance, for example, was an avid sailor from childhood, and even as a professor he sailed competitively, even winning a gold medal in the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki.

Its important to note that deep play isnt really an inherent property of some hobbies but not others. What Ill find absorbing and engaging depends on my intellectual interests, the work I do, and my background. What all forms of deep play have in common is that theyre a break from work that can otherwise be unhealthily consuming, but they also sustain a persons ability to work. For some people, running is deep play; for others, it can be sailing, or gardening, or swimming, or painting (or other things).

In todays world, we often dont think of hobbies as being very important (side gigs and driving for Uber dont count). But in fact, finding your own deep play is important for having a more creative life.

Copyright © Alex Pang. All Rights Reserved.

Alex Pang, PhD, a visiting scholar at Stanford University, has held fellowships at Microsoft Research Cambridge, the Saïd Business School at Oxford University, UCBerkeley, and Williams College. Visit his website at


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